Hawaiian reggae music is often referred to as "Jawaiian" music: a fusion of Jamacian and Hawaiian reggae. English is Jawaiian's predominant language, it may also be partially or even fully in Hawaiian. According to Ku'ualoha Ho 'Omanawanui's article on Jawaiian music, "From Ocean to O-shen," she categorizes "Old School" Jawaiian music as the early 1980s to early 90s. For my playlist, I chose artists who were the first to mix the reggae sound with Hawaiian music. These Old School artists; Butch Helemano, Burddah Walter, Ho'aikane, and Kapena paved the way for New School artists. As the popularity of Jawaiian music spread, many of the popular New School artists hail from different parts of the Pacific. Though most artists are still from Hawaii there are a few like, Fiji, O-Shen, and Ooklah the Moc.
If you like, check out Honolulu's Magazine Article on 100 Years of Hawaiian Music!
Works Cited and Playlist Album Information
Picture of Brother Noland <http://windward.hawaii.edu/hoolaulea/2009/Brother_Noland.jpg>
Kalohe Kai Tour Poster <http://www.djara.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Kolohe-Kai-Tour-Poster- cropped.jpg>
Kapena Picture (orginally from Bishop Mueseum)<http://www.honolulumagazine.com/images/2010/Nov10/100Years/BM_Kapena_205424.jpg>
All song information is as follows: artist, song, title of album, record company, and date of publication.
Ups and Downs